Examination of the retina can offer a spectrum of difficulties. It can be straightforward and easy in the young, cooperative patient without coexisting ocular disease, and it can be extremely challenging in some patients who are less cooperative and/or have coexisting eye diseases that preclude optimal examination.
A retina exam is focused on the back of the eye. For this reason, the doctor will spend a lot of time looking through your pupil at the vitreous, retina and other structures located inside the back portion of the eye. Every patient can expect to have their eyes dilated so the doctor can get a clear view of these structures.
The following methods are normally used in diagnosing retina problems: Indirect ophthalmoscopy uses a specialized microscope that allows the doctor to observe the vitreous, retina and other internal structures in the eye. The ophthalmoscope is probably thefirst instrument you will see used by the doctor during your exam because it provides an overview the situation.
Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common vascular retinal disease affecting about 40% of type 1 diabetics and 20% of type 2 diabetics. Duration of the diabetes is the most important risk factor for DR.Treatment for DR includes Laser photocoagulation,Intra ocular injections and Surgical Treatment .Surgery is done with 23 gauge instruments and Alcon Turbonit vitrectomy machine. Topcon Digital fundus camera, Fundus flurosescein angiography (FFA-where a fluroscent dye is injected into the vein followed by taking a series of photographs of the retina), Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), B-scan. Slit lamp laser delivery system.
Retinal Detachment: Retinal detachment (RD) is a disorder of the eye in which the retina peels away from its underlying layer of support tissue and can lead to vision loss and blindness. It is a medical emergency. RD can occur due to a hole, tear, or break in the retina or inflammation and trauma. At Insight Laser Centre Hospital we perform advanced retinal surgeries (with 23 gauge instruments and Turbonit to do achieve good postoperative results in patients.